The One Thousand and One Benefits of Egg.

Egg has 14 essential nutrients, eggs are a practical way to add an iron-rich food to your family’s diet. Eggs provide iron, vitamins A, B12, D, E, B2, B5, B6, folate, thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, phosphorous, zinc decent amounts of, vitamin K, calcium and selenium as well as healthy fats. They are also cheap, easy to prepare and can go with almost any meal.

Egg is filling, it keeps you full for longer and helps in weight loss. It contains a little bit of almost every nutrient needed daily for you and your family. Always watch out for allergies in your children when you feed them egg. Some children tend to develop allergies for certain kinds of foods (which egg is among) early in life. Egg allergy is nothing to worry about, Children outgrow it as times goes by.

Did you know that?

A medium sized hard cooked egg contains 77 calories, with 5 grams of fat and 6 grams of protein with all 9 essential amino acids.

  • Calories: 77
  • Carbs: 0.6 grams
  • Total fat: 5.3 grams
  • Saturated fat: 1.6 grams
  • Monounsaturated fat: 2.0 grams
  • Cholesterol: 212 mg
  • Protein: 6.3 grams
  • Vitamin A: 6% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin): 15% of the RDA
  • Vitamin B12 (cobalamin): 9% of the RDA
  • Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid): 7% of the RDA
  • Phosphorus: 86 mg, or 9% of the RDA
  • Selenium: 15.4 mcg, or 22% of the RDA

And about 113 mg of choline, a very important nutrient for the brain.


Stress is an emotional, psychological or mental strain on an individual. Every individual go through various level of stress from time to time. Onset of stress can be as a result of the loss of a loved one, having financial challenges, workloads to meet up with, Conflict between work and family roles and responsibilities, failed marriage, not meeting up with certain self-set target or goals etc.

You can tell you are stressed when you begin to have the following:

  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Depression (which can lead to frustration)
  • Headaches
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Hair loss
  • Weight gain
  • Elevated blood rise
  • Low libido (lack of sex drive)
  • Decreased productivity at work

That unexplained constant constipation you are having may be due to stress because stress also affect the way food moves through the body leading to nausea, stomachache, vomiting or constipation

Individuals who experience constant and excessive amount of stress may be at risk of developing medical conditions such as stroke or heart attack.

Stress can be easily overcome when the cause is identified. You might not necessarily take a medication to relieve stress, we recommend that you;

Get more sleep (do not in any way induce your sleep.)

  • Exercise frequently both physical and mental exercise like learning new skills or reading a new book
  • Take up social activities, visit friends, family or go for picnic
  • Manage your time and take charge of every situation that may situations that may lead to further stress.
  • Speak to someone about your fears and feeling.

Consult a medical professional about any health concern or challenges you may be experiencing.


Infertility a state of not been able to be pregnant after having unprotected sexual intercourse with the opposite sex for up to six months to one year. It can be either Primary Infertility, (that is when a woman has never fallen pregnant) or Secondary Infertility (woman who has had at least one successful pregnancy in the past).

  Infertility should not be seen as a medical condition for women alone. Men can be infertile too. Men and women are equally likely to have fertility problems. Women who are able to conceive but not carry a pregnancy to term may also be diagnosed with infertility.

Can Abortion cause Infertility in A woman?

When a couple finds it difficult to conceive, many point accusing fingers at the Female Gender. Some even speculate about her having a damaged womb due to imaginary abortions she may have had in the past. Abortion can mean a planned termination of a pregnancy or a pregnancy that ends in miscarriage. Having an abortion in the past does not usually affect your ability to get pregnant at a later time except a complication occurred which might be a cause for an alarm.

Some Facts You May Need To Know About Infertility.

The major symptom of infertility is not getting pregnant. A woman’s fertility window declines as they grow older. A younger woman (before her Mid-30s) is way more fertile than an older one. The older a woman gets, the lesser the quality and quantity of her egg production.

Some of the following can be causes for infertility in both male and female

  • Age
  • Overweight or obese/ underweight
  • Exposure to toxins, such as pesticides, herbicides, and heavy metals
  • Hormonal Imbalance in women
  • Having certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that can damage the reproductive system.

Some couples who have problem trying to conceive, later conceive natural over time with regular and frequent love making.

How to properly wear a medical mask

If you choose to wear a mask:

  1. Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
  2. Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes.
  3. Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is).
  4. Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the coloured side).
  5. Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it moulds to the shape of your nose.
  6. Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin.
  7. Do not touch the mask while you are wearing it for protection.
  8. After use, take off the mask with clean hands; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask.
  9. Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use. Do not reuse the mask.
  10. Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.

Be aware that there is a global shortage of medical masks (both surgical masks and N95 masks). These should be reserved as much as possible for health care workers.

Remember that  masks are not a substitute for other, more effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 such as frequently washing your hands, covering your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from others.


Malaria is a life-threatening serious and sometimes fatal tropical disease, common in African countries and countries with warm and humid weather such as India and Bangladesh. In this part of the world, we tend to classify every ill health associated with fever ‘malaria’. It is important to know what malaria is, the causes and how best to treat it.

Malaria is a disease transmitted through the bite of an infected ANOPEHELES MOSQUITO into a person’s blood. It infects red blood cells, within 48-72 hours, the parasite multiplies in the red blood cells and the red blood cells ruptures causing fever, chills and organ damage. It takes about 10-15 days after the bite for symptoms to start showing. In Africa, malaria is the cause of most death of over 400,000, most of which are children.

Malaria can be transmitted through:

  • Infected mosquito
  • An organ transplant
  • Use of shared needles or syringes
  • From and infected pregnant mother to her baby at birth (congenital malaria).

Not all mosquitos can infected human with the disease, there are basically four kinds of malaria parasite that transmits the diseases: plasmodium vivax, p.ovale, P. malariae and P.falciparum. P.falciparum causes more severe form of the disease and higher death risk.

Some symptoms of malaria are:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain
  • High fever
  • Chills ranging from moderate to severe
  • Diarrhea
  • Anemia
  • Sweating
  • Coma
  • Bloody stools
  • Muscle pain
  • Convulsion.

Malaria can be treated by first diagnosing it through Laboratory Test; when you feel unwell with any of the symptoms listed, visit your health professional timely. Malaria can be cured with the use of prescribed medicines ONLY. Avoid self-medication as much as you can.

Things to avoid when taking Anti-Malaria medicine.

When on malaria medications, it important to take note of some things that can alter the potency of the medicine.

  • Avoid citrus fruits such as orange, Tangerine, Lime, Lemon, Grape fruit or any form of Ascorbic acid natural or artificial. Ascorbic Acid reduces the effectiveness of Antimalarial
  • Avoid Moringa; Moringa contains seven times more Vitamin C than fruits in the citrus family. It should also be avoided when taking Antimalaria.

As deadly as malaria can be, it can be prevented by:

  • Sleeping under insecticide treated mosquito net.
  • Regular fumigation of our homes and surroundings
  • Avoiding stagnant water that could bred mosquitoes in our environment.
  • Cover wells and keep gutter clean and dry at all times.



Blood grouping is the classification of individuals based on inherited features on the surface of the red blood cells. This classification is purely based on presence or absence of certain protein molecules called antigens and antibodies on the surface of the blood. The antigens are located on the surface of the Red Blood Cells and antibodies are in the blood plasma.

There are practically more than 20 genetically determined blood group systems known today, but the ABO and Rh systems are the most important ones used for blood transfusions.

Let’s discuss the ABO blood group system and Rh system only.


There are four main blood groups:

  1. Blood Group A: This group has A antigens on the surface of the red blood cells and also has anti-B antibodies in the plasma.
  2. Blood Group B: This group has B antigens on the surface of the red blood cells and also has anti-A antibodies in the plasma.
  3. Blood Group O: This group has no antigens on the surface, but has both anti-A and anti-B antibodies in the plasma.
  4. Blood Group AB: This group has both A and B antigens with no antibodies in the plasma.

Blood Groups are very important to know, because receiving blood from the wrong ABO group can lead to death. Take for example, the anti-B antibodies in a recipient with group A blood will attack the group B cells if transfused to them.

  • Group O blood cells do not have any A or B antigens and therefore are safe to be given to any other person
  • Group AB does not have any antibodies. It van receive blood from any group.


The Red Blood cells sometimes have another antigen, a protein known as the RhD antigens or Rhesus factor. If this is present, your blood group is RhD positive or

RhD negative if absent.

This means you can be one of these eight Blood Groups:

  1. A RhD Positive (A+)
  2. A RhD Negative (A-)
  3. B RhD Positive (B+)
  4. B RhD Negative (B-)
  5. O RhD Positive (O+)
  6. O RhD Negative (O-)
  7. AB RhD Positive (AB+)
  8. AB RhD Negative (AB-).

In most cases, O RhD Negative Blood (O-) can safely be given to anyone. It is often used in medical emergencies when the blood type is not immediately known.

Copied from Dr. Chudi Ufondu.

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